Everyone in the multifamily industry should be familiar with the Fair Housing laws, but there is a lot to remember. Here’s a scary thought – you are held accountable and subject to consequences for violating Fair Housing laws, even if you are not aware you’re doing it! With this in mind, it’s important to carefully and thoughtfully consider policies and procedures to ensure you and your team comply with the Fair Housing Act. This is especially true as you work to navigate the unfamiliar and rapidly evolving business state. We’ll discuss some tips and ideas you can use as preventative maintenance for Fair Housing compliance. As you work through the decision-making process around your policies and procedures, remember to think beyond today. Consider the impact your decisions will have both today and further down the road.
· Information needs to be accurately communicated and updated when the information changes.
· Never disclose personal information.
· If asking questions related to safety precautions, always respond consistently.
· Take note of HUD’s 2020 ruling revising Disparate Impact Standards. This ruling:
· Provides greater defenses for housing providers,
· Requires the plaintiff to provide more proof of the adverse effect,
· Adds affirmative defenses to disparate impact claims.
Another area to examine and clarify is accommodations and modifications. First, make sure you are clear on the definitions of the terms used:
Reasonable Accommodations: A change, exception, or adjustment to a rule, policy, practice, or service that may be necessary for a person with a disability to have equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling, including public and common use spaces. What constitutes an unreasonable accommodation? A request would be deemed unreasonable if it were to impose an undue financial burden or administrative burden on the housing provider or if it would fundamentally alter the nature of the business operation. Whether or not a request imposes an undue financial burden is determined on a case-by-case basis.
Reasonable Modifications: Structural change made to existing premises, occupied or occupied by a person with a disability, to afford such person full enjoyment of the premises. When a modification is needed, who pays? In most jurisdictions, the disabled resident is responsible for the cost of the modification. However, guidance for any community that falls under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is different. The disabled resident is also responsible for making reasonable restoration to the apartment’s interior to return it to its original condition before termination of occupancy if the modifications interfere with the next resident’s use. Take note; the disabled resident cannot be charged a higher deposit because of the modification. Still, you CAN require the establishment of an escrow account to fund the removal of the modifications. When it comes to the installation or removal of the modifications, your rules should be clearly stated regarding who is deemed a qualified installer.
Refusing Requests: When you determine that a request should be refused, tread lightly. Before delivering the information to the resident, speak to your legal team to be sure your language is within compliance and that you should definitely refuse the request.
Service Animals: Under the ADA, a service animal is defined as a dog that has been individually trained to work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability. The task(s) performed by the dog must be directly related to the person’s disability. However, HUD has a much broader application for the definition of a service animal and does not limit dogs only, so be sure to stay up to date on what constitutes a service animal under Fair Housing guidelines.
Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment falls under two main types – a hostile environment and quid pro quo. Sexual harassment is actually a topic covered under Fair Housing and can be applied as follows:
· Vendors: In cases where a vendor is guilty of sexual harassment of a resident, both the vendor and the community can be held liable for violations.
· Responding to Allegations: Take all allegations seriously and address the concern promptly.
· Being Victimized: Speak to a supervisor immediately if you feel you are being victimized. If the harassment is coming from a supervisor, go over their head to report.
· Domestic Violence: In 2016, a HUD ruling called to protect victims of domestic violence who avoided calling the police for fear of a lease violation. Be sure to check with your legal team to ensure any policies you have around police calls and lease violations are in compliance with this ruling.
Marketing and Discrimination: Discrimination in marketing can come from excluding particular protected classes and showing a clear preference for one protected class over another! Instead of focusing on any classes, focus your marketing on the community itself. When choosing stock photography, be sure to represent all different people and take care not to represent any particular class in an undesirable manner consistently. Another idea – instead of using stock images, use pictures of you and your team! This allows people to see a familiar face.
Social Media: Keep your work presence and personal presence on social media separate! Avoid allowing those to overlap to limit possible perceptions of preference.
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Contributed by: Wesley Aleshire
Training and Design Consultant at Aleshire Consulting
Wesley Aleshire has worked within the property management industry for over 20-years; during this time, he has grown from a part-time leasing processional to a senior director and participated in state and local boards and education committees.
His presentation style engages each audience with stories and analogies that connect harsh realism and humor to relatable situations.
Wesley‘s passion for Learning & Development has driven him to find new and creative ways to engage his audience by considering the topics’ granular details and anticipating responses with a thoroughly thought-out experience.
Edge2Learn is an eLearning company whose focus is the Property Management Industry and specializes in property management training and multifamily education. With over 30 years of experience and a commitment to increase industry excellence, we are passionate about engaging learners to maximize benefits for both companies and employees. Aligned with a well-respected industry leader, Ellis, Partners in Management Solutions, the Edge2Learn platform provides a turnkey solution for clearly identified needs and opportunities. We prepare learners to deliver a superior customer experience and also reduce corporate liability risks and overall employee turnover.